LP17806-8     ABO group

DESCRIPTION
  Part: ABO group
  Description: The ABO blood group antigens are encoded by one genetic locus, the ABO locus, which has three alternative forms: A, B, and O. A child receives one of these three forms from each parent, yielding six possible genotypes and four possible blood types (aka phenotypes: A, AB, B, O). ABO blood group antigens remain of prime importance in transfusion and transplantation medicine, and they are the most immunogenic of all the blood group antigens. ABO antibodies are of major clinical significance because they are naturally and universally occurring, and they are highly reactive. The distribution of the four phenotypes varies across the world – type O is the most common, followed by type A, then type B, and type AB is the least common. The ABO system is acknowledged in the pathogenesis of cardiovascular, infectious and neoplastic disorders, and pre-eclampsia. H antigen deficiency is known as the "Bombay phenotype" and is found in 1 in 10,000 people in India and 1 in 1 million people in Europe. [NCBI Books:NBK2267] [PMID:27177402] [NCBI Books:NBK2264]
 
 

BASIC PART PROPERTIES
  Construct for LOINC short name: ABO Group
  Type: COMPONENT
  Status: ACTIVE
  Created On: 5/4/2000

LANGUAGE VARIANTS
 
  Chinese (CHINA)  (From: Lin Zhang, A LOINC volunteer from China)    
  ABO 血型      
 
  Dutch (NETHERLANDS)  (From: NVKC, Dutch Society for Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine, The Netherlands)    
  AB0-bloedgroep      
 
  Estonian (ESTONIA)  (From: Estonian E-Health Foundation)    
  ABO-veregrupp      
 
  French (BELGIUM)  (From: Jean M. Prevost, MD, Biopathology)    
  Groupe ABO      
 
  French (CANADA)  (From: Canada Health Infoway Inc.)    
  Groupe ABO      
 
  Greek (GREECE)  (From: Efstratia Kontaxi, MD, MSc, and Evripidis Stefanidis, MD, with technical support from Panagiotis Kontaxis, Diploma of Electrical and Computer Engineering.)    
  Ομάδα αίματος ΑΒΟ      
 
  Italian (ITALY)  (From: Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche)   SYNONYMS
  ABO, gruppo     Gruppo ABO
 
  Russian (RUSSIAN FEDERATION)  (From: Yaroslavl State Medical Academy)    
  ABO группа      
 
  Spanish (SPAIN)  (From: the Clinical Laboratory Committee of SERVICIO EXTREMEÑO DE SALUD, with the support of BITAC MAP.)    
  Grupos sanguíneos AB0      
 
  Turkish (TURKEY)  (From: LOINC Turkish Translation Group and the Turkish Ministry of Health)    
  ABO grubu      

INTERNAL FIELDS
  Detail Page Created On: 6/20/2019 9:42:54 AM
  Display name: ABO group
  Preferred Abbreviation: ABO Group