LP16802-8     Arsenic

DESCRIPTION
  Part: Arsenic
  Description: Arsenic (As, CAS No. 7440-38-2) is a metalloid that exists in both inorganic and organic forms in the environment and is classified as a human carcinogen by the U.S. EPA (Environmental Protection Agency) and IARC (International Agency for Research in Cancer). Arsenic levels are naturally higher in certain geographical areas, including regions of Asia, China, Chile, Mexico and United States. [PMID: 27894683] Exposure to toxic levels of arsenic, mainly via ingestion of As contaminated water and food, occur in these areas as well as near hazardous waste sites or in the workplace. Chronic exposure to low level of arsenic can cause skin lesions (e.g. melanosis, leucomelanosis, and keratosis), neurological effects, high blood pressure, diabetes mellitus, cardiovascular and respiratory diseases, and cancers typically involving the skin, lung, and bladder. [PMID: 19190988] High exposure levels to arsenic can cause death.

Veterinary Medicine:
Arsenic is seldom reported since the concentrations normally found in animal feeds are significantly less than the toxic dietary concentration. If arsenic poisoning occurs, signs of intoxication include reduce feed intake and depressed growth. Some animal species can have convulsions and incoordination followed by posterior paresis and quadriplegia, blindness and decreased hemoglobin. In pigs, cases of arsenic poisoning usually arise from the use of organic arsenical growth-promoting feed additives.
 
 

BASIC PART PROPERTIES
  Type: COMPONENT
  Status: ACTIVE
  Molecular Wt: 74.92 g/mol
  Created On: 5/4/2000

RELATED CODES
Code System Code Code Text Code Version
   http://www.nlm.nih.gov/research/umls/rxnorm   1111   Arsenic   

LANGUAGE VARIANTS
 
  Chinese (CHINA)  (From: Lin Zhang, A LOINC volunteer from China)   SYNONYMS
  砷     AS;信石;含砒的;含砷的;砒霜;自然砷
 
  Dutch (NETHERLANDS)  (From: NVKC, Dutch Society for Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine, The Netherlands)    
  arsenicum      
 
  Estonian (ESTONIA)  (From: Estonian E-Health Foundation)    
  Arseen      
 
  French (BELGIUM)  (From: Jean M. Prevost, MD, Biopathology)   SYNONYMS
  Arsenic     As
 
  French (CANADA)  (From: Canada Health Infoway Inc.)    
  Arsenic      
 
  Italian (ITALY)  (From: Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche)    
  Arsenico      
 
  Russian (RUSSIAN FEDERATION)  (From: Yaroslavl State Medical Academy)    
  Мышьяк      
 
  Spanish (SPAIN)  (From: the Clinical Laboratory Committee of SERVICIO EXTREMEÑO DE SALUD, with the support of BITAC MAP.)   SYNONYMS
  Arsénico     AS
 
  Turkish (TURKEY)  (From: LOINC Turkish Translation Group and the Turkish Ministry of Health)    
  Arsenik      

INTERNAL FIELDS
  Detail Page Created On: 6/20/2019 9:37:41 AM
  Display name: Arsenic
  Preferred Abbreviation: Arsenic