LP15483-8     Chloride

DESCRIPTION
  Part: Chloride
  Description: The chloride ion is formed when the element chlorine picks up one electron to form an anion negatively-charged ion Cl−. The salts of hydrochloric acid contain chloride ions and can also be called chlorides.
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  Part: Chloride
  Description: Chloride is an essential mineral required by humans that is found mainly in body fluids. It is an important, negatively charged ion in the blood, and a major electrolyte that helps to conduct electrical impulses. Electrolytes including chloride are located in the blood, lymph, and intra- and extra-cellular fluid. Chloride helps to regulate osmolarity by offsetting the positively charged sodium and potassium ions in the serum. It combines with hydrogen to form hydrochloric acid in the digestive tract which breaks down proteins, absorbs metallic minerals, and activates intrinsic factor. Chloride is absorbed both actively and passively in order to help maintain extracellular fluid volume. There is a continuous exchange of chloride and bicarbonate that occurs between the red blood cells and the plasma that controls the pH and excretion of carbon dioxide, a waste product of respiration.[https://traceminerals.com/chloride-the-forgotten-essential-mineral/]
 
 

BASIC PART PROPERTIES
  Type: COMPONENT
  Status: ACTIVE
  Molecular Wt: 35.45 g/mol
  Created On: 5/4/2000

RELATED CODES
Code System Code Code Text Code Version
   http://pubchem.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov   312   Chloride   

LANGUAGE VARIANTS
 
  Chinese (CHINA)  (From: Lin Zhang, A LOINC volunteer from China)   SYNONYMS
  氯     Cl;Cl-;氯离子;氯化物
 
  Dutch (NETHERLANDS)  (From: NVKC, Dutch Society for Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine, The Netherlands)    
  chloride      
 
  Estonian (ESTONIA)  (From: Estonian E-Health Foundation)    
  Kloriid      
 
  French (BELGIUM)  (From: Jean M. Prevost, MD, Biopathology)   SYNONYMS
  Chlorure     Cl-
 
  French (CANADA)  (From: Canada Health Infoway Inc.)    
  Chlorure      
 
  Italian (ITALY)  (From: Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche)    
  Cloruro      
 
  Russian (RUSSIAN FEDERATION)  (From: Yaroslavl State Medical Academy)    
  Хлорид      
 
  Spanish (SPAIN)  (From: the Clinical Laboratory Committee of SERVICIO EXTREMEÑO DE SALUD, with the support of BITAC MAP.)   SYNONYMS
  Cloro     Cl
 
  Turkish (TURKEY)  (From: LOINC Turkish Translation Group and the Turkish Ministry of Health)    
  Klorür      

INTERNAL FIELDS
  Detail Page Created On: 6/20/2019 9:32:56 AM
  Display name: Chloride
  Preferred Abbreviation: Chloride