LP15099-2     Sodium

DESCRIPTION
  Part: Sodium
  Description: Sodium (Na) is a positively charged electrolyte and a mineral. Eighty-five percent of Na is located in the blood and lymph fluid. The hormone aldosterone that is secreted by the adrenal glands helps to regulate Na levels by signaling the kidneys to either retain or secrete it. Damage or disease to the kidneys can lead to dangerous fluctuations of sodium. Na plays a number of key roles in the homeostasis of the human body. It helps to maintain blood volume by osmotically pulling water into the blood vessels. Too much sodium in the blood may cause too much water to be brought into the blood vessels and lead to high blood pressure. Muscles and nerves conduct electrical impulses that require charged particles including Na. The electrical currents cause muscle cells to contract and nerve cells to relay electrical signals between them. Too little sodium can lead to muscle spasms, cramps, headache, irritability, restlessness, nausea and fatigue. Extreme hyponatremia can lead to confusion, hallucinations, decreased consciousness and coma. Conversely, hypernatremia can cause lethargy or restlessness, deep tendon reflexes, muscle spasticity and seizures.
 
 

BASIC PART PROPERTIES
  Type: COMPONENT
  Status: ACTIVE
  Molecular Wt: 22.99 g/mol
  Created On: 5/4/2000

RELATED CODES
Code System Code Code Text Code Version
   http://pubchem.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov   5360545   Sodium   

LANGUAGE VARIANTS
 
  Chinese (CHINA)  (From: Lin Zhang, A LOINC volunteer from China)   SYNONYMS
  钠     Na;Na+;钠离子
 
  Dutch (NETHERLANDS)  (From: NVKC, Dutch Society for Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine, The Netherlands)    
  natrium      
 
  Estonian (ESTONIA)  (From: Estonian E-Health Foundation)    
  Naatrium      
 
  French (BELGIUM)  (From: Jean M. Prevost, MD, Biopathology)   SYNONYMS
  Sodium     Na+
 
  French (CANADA)  (From: Canada Health Infoway Inc.)    
  Sodium      
 
  Greek (GREECE)  (From: Efstratia Kontaxi, MD, MSc, and Evripidis Stefanidis, MD, with technical support from Panagiotis Kontaxis, Diploma of Electrical and Computer Engineering.)    
  Νάτριο      
 
  Italian (ITALY)  (From: Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche)    
  Sodio      
 
  Russian (RUSSIAN FEDERATION)  (From: Yaroslavl State Medical Academy)    
  Натрий      
 
  Spanish (SPAIN)  (From: the Clinical Laboratory Committee of SERVICIO EXTREMEÑO DE SALUD, with the support of BITAC MAP.)    
  Sodio      
 
  Turkish (TURKEY)  (From: LOINC Turkish Translation Group and the Turkish Ministry of Health)    
  Sodyum      

INTERNAL FIELDS
  Detail Page Created On: 6/20/2019 9:32:25 AM
  Display name: Sodium
  Preferred Abbreviation: Sodium