LP14732-9     Phenytoin

DESCRIPTION
  Part: Phenytoin
  Description: An anticonvulsant that is used to treat a wide variety of seizure disorders. It is also an anti-arrhythmic and a muscle relaxant. The mechanism of therapeutic action is not clear, although several cellular actions have been described including effects on ion channels, active transport, and general membrane stabilization. The mechanism of its muscle relaxant effect appears to involve a reduction in the sensitivity of muscle spindles to stretch. Phenytoin has been proposed for several other therapeutic uses, but its use has been limited by its side effects and interactions with other drugs. [MeSH: Phenytoin]
 
 
  Part: Phenytoin
  Description: Phenytoin sodium (marketed as Dilantin ® in the USA and as Epanutin ® in the UK, by Parke-Davis, now part of Pfizer) is a commonly used antiepileptic. It was approved by the Food and Drug Administration in 1953 for use in seizures. It dampens the unwanted, runaway brain activity seen in seizure by reducing electrical conductance among brain cells.
  Copyright: Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License. See http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/ for details.
 
 

BASIC PART PROPERTIES
  Type: COMPONENT
  Status: ACTIVE
  Created On: 5/4/2000

RELATED CODES
Code System Code Code Text Code Version
   http://www.nlm.nih.gov/research/umls/rxnorm   8183   Phenytoin   

LANGUAGE VARIANTS
 
  Chinese (CHINA)  (From: Lin Zhang, A LOINC volunteer from China)   SYNONYMS
  苯妥英     C15H12N2O2;二苯乙内酰脲;苯妥营;二苯基乙内酰脲;二苯尿囊素
 
  Dutch (NETHERLANDS)  (From: NVKC, Dutch Society for Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine, The Netherlands)    
  fenytoïne      
 
  Estonian (ESTONIA)  (From: Estonian E-Health Foundation)    
  Fenütoiin      
 
  French (BELGIUM)  (From: Jean M. Prevost, MD, Biopathology)    
  Phénytoïne      
 
  French (CANADA)  (From: Canada Health Infoway Inc.)    
  Phénytoïne      
 
  Greek (GREECE)  (From: Efstratia Kontaxi, MD, MSc, and Evripidis Stefanidis, MD, with technical support from Panagiotis Kontaxis, Diploma of Electrical and Computer Engineering.)    
  Φαινυντοΐνη      
 
  Italian (ITALY)  (From: Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche)    
  Fenitoina      
 
  Russian (RUSSIAN FEDERATION)  (From: Yaroslavl State Medical Academy)    
  Фенитоин      
 
  Spanish (SPAIN)  (From: the Clinical Laboratory Committee of SERVICIO EXTREMEÑO DE SALUD, with the support of BITAC MAP.)   SYNONYMS
  Fenitoína     Difenilhidantoína
 
  Turkish (TURKEY)  (From: LOINC Turkish Translation Group and the Turkish Ministry of Health)    
  Fenitoin      

INTERNAL FIELDS
  Detail Page Created On: 6/20/2019 9:29:30 AM
  Display name: Phenytoin
  Preferred Abbreviation: Phenytoin