LP14635-4     Glucose

DESCRIPTION
  Part: Glucose
  Description: Glucose (C6H12O6) is a simple monosaccharide and monomer of carbohydrates. Glucose provides energy for cellular processes and aids metabolism within the body. When food is ingested, the carbohydrates within the food are broken down into glucose molecules. Blood glucose content is significant in determining an individual's overall state of health. An elevated blood glucose level is called hyperglycemia and a deficient blood glucose level is called hypoglycemia. When an individual is hyperglycemic and cannot properly regulate their blood glucose level they are considered diabetic. Type 1 diabetes is caused by the immune system attacking pancreatic beta cells (cells that produce insulin) and Type 2 diabetes is caused by insulin resistance. [MedlinePlus Encyclopedia:003482]
 
 

BASIC PART PROPERTIES
  Type: COMPONENT
  Status: ACTIVE
  Molecular Wt: 180.156 g/mol
  Created On: 5/4/2000

ALTERNATIVE CODES
  http://www.nlm.nih.gov/research/umls/rxnorm:  4850   (Glucose) 

LANGUAGE VARIANTS
 
  Chinese (CHINA)  (From: Bethune International Peace Hospital)   SYNONYMS
  葡萄糖     Glu;Gluc;右旋糖;葡糖
 
  Dutch (NETHERLANDS)  (From: NVKC, Dutch Society for Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine, The Netherlands)    
  Glucose      
 
  Estonian (ESTONIA)  (From: Estonian E-Health Foundation)    
  Glükoos      
 
  French (BELGIUM)  (From: Jean M. Prevost, MD, Biopathology)    
  Glucose      
 
  French (CANADA)  (From: Canada Health Infoway Inc.)    
  Glucose      
 
  Greek (GREECE)  (From: Efstratia Kontaxi, MD, MSc, and Evripidis Stefanidis, MD, with technical support from Panagiotis Kontaxis, Diploma of Electrical and Computer Engineering.)    
  Γλυκόζη      
 
  Italian (ITALY)  (From: Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche)    
  Glucosio      
 
  Russian (RUSSIAN FEDERATION)  (From: Yaroslavl State Medical Academy)    
  Глюкоза      
 
  Spanish (SPAIN)  (From: the Clinical Laboratory Committee of SERVICIO EXTREMEÑO DE SALUD, with the support of BITAC MAP.)    
  Glucosa      
 
  Turkish (TURKEY)  (From: LOINC Turkish Translation Group and the Turkish Ministry of Health)    
  Glukoz      

INTERNAL FIELDS
  Display name: Glucose
  Preferred Abbreviation: Glucose