LP14413-6     Trichomonas vaginalis

DESCRIPTION
  Part: Trichomonas vaginalis
  Description: Trichomonas vaginalis (TV) is an anaerobic, flagellated parasitic protozoan that is among the most common non-viral sexually transmitted organisms whose only known host is humans. It is estimated that 170 million new cases occur worldwide and it is the most common sexually transmitted diseases in the United States. TV is known to increase HIV acquisition and transmission in both men and women by acting as a cofactor to increase susceptibility to HIV of an uninfected partner and infectivity of HIV of an infected partner. In women, infection with TV is a possible risk factor for developing cervical neoplasia, post-operative infections, adverse pregnancy outcomes, atypical pelvic inflammatory disease and infertility. In men, infection with TV can lead to non-gonococcal urethritis, infertility, chronic prostatitis and decreased sperm motility. Diagnosis is most often made using wet mount microscopy which has a sensitivity of only 52%. Other diagnostic methods include Pap smear, culture and PCR with sensitivities of 56%, 78% and 84%, respectively. There is an estimated 5 million new cases of TV annually in the United States and yet TV is still not a reportable disease. Treatment for TV is with metronidazole though emerging metronidazole-resistant strains have been reported. Asymptomatic infection can persist for months to years. [http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0002937803010652][ http://www.phac-aspc.gc.ca/lab-bio/res/psds-ftss/trichomonas-eng.php]
 
 

BASIC PART PROPERTIES
  Construct for LOINC short name: T vaginalis
  Type: COMPONENT
  Status: ACTIVE
  Created On: 5/4/2000

LANGUAGE VARIANTS
 
  Chinese (CHINA)  (From: Lin Zhang, A LOINC volunteer from China)   SYNONYMS
  阴道毛滴虫     毛滴虫病;阴道毛滴虫病;阴道滴虫
 
  Dutch (NETHERLANDS)  (From: NVKC, Dutch Society for Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine, The Netherlands)    
  Trichomonas vaginalis      
 
  Estonian (ESTONIA)  (From: Estonian E-Health Foundation)    
  Trichomonas vaginalis      
 
  French (BELGIUM)  (From: Jean M. Prevost, MD, Biopathology)    
  Trichomonas vaginalis      
 
  French (CANADA)  (From: Canada Health Infoway Inc.)    
  Trichomonas vaginalis      
 
  Greek (GREECE)  (From: Efstratia Kontaxi, MD, MSc, and Evripidis Stefanidis, MD, with technical support from Panagiotis Kontaxis, Diploma of Electrical and Computer Engineering.)    
  Τριχομονάδα του κόλπου      
 
  Italian (ITALY)  (From: Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche)    
  Trichomonas vaginalis      
 
  Russian (RUSSIAN FEDERATION)  (From: Yaroslavl State Medical Academy)    
  Trichomonas vaginalis      
 
  Spanish (SPAIN)  (From: the Clinical Laboratory Committee of SERVICIO EXTREMEÑO DE SALUD, with the support of BITAC MAP.)   SYNONYMS
  Trichomonas vaginalis     T vaginalis
 
  Turkish (TURKEY)  (From: LOINC Turkish Translation Group and the Turkish Ministry of Health)    
  Trichomonas vaginalis      

INTERNAL FIELDS
  Detail Page Created On: 6/20/2019 9:28:08 AM
  Display name: Trichomonas vaginalis
  Preferred Abbreviation: T vaginalis