LP14316-1     Neisseria gonorrhoeae

DESCRIPTION
  Part: Neisseria gonorrhoeae
  Description: Neisseria gonorrhoeae are gram-negative cocci usually seen in pairs with the adjacent sides flattened. Pili, filament-like appendages, extend from the cell surface and have a role in adherence. Gonorrhea is usually acquired by sexual contact. Men and women aged 15-29 have the highest incidence of gonorrhea. Number of sexual partners, sexual practices and preference, condom use and population mobility contribute to disease incidence. The most frequent sites are the cervix, urethra, rectum, pharynx and conjunctiva. The most common symptom in men is discharge that may be scanty and clear or cloudy to copious and purulent, and often dysuria. Asymptomatic men are an important reservoir for transmission. Endocervical infection is the most common form of infection in women. Ocular infections occur most commonly in newborns who are exposed in the birth canal and can lead to corneal scarring or perforation. Gonococcal bacteremia may lead to disseminated infection including pelvic inflammatory disease in as many as 15 percent of women, leading to an increased probability of infertility and ectopic pregnancy. While antibiotics have successfully treated gonorrhea for decades, N. gonorrhoeae has developed antimicrobial resistance to every drug used for treatment. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommends combination therapy using two antimicrobials with different mechanisms of action (e.g., a cephalosporin plus azithromycin) to improve treatment efficacy and potentially slow the spread of resistance to cephalosporins. [NCBI Books:NBK7650] [CDC:std/tg2015/gonorrhea]
 
 

BASIC PART PROPERTIES
  Construct for LOINC short name: N gonorrhoea
  Type: COMPONENT
  Status: ACTIVE
  Created On: 5/4/2000

WEB CONTENT
  Copyright: Copyright © 2001-2009 American Association for Clinical Chemistry.
 
 

LANGUAGE VARIANTS
 
  Chinese (CHINA)  (From: Lin Zhang, A LOINC volunteer from China)   SYNONYMS
  淋病奈瑟菌     淋球菌;淋病;淋病双球菌;淋病奈瑟氏菌
 
  Dutch (NETHERLANDS)  (From: NVKC, Dutch Society for Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine, The Netherlands)    
  Neisseria gonorrhoeae      
 
  Estonian (ESTONIA)  (From: Estonian E-Health Foundation)    
  Neisseria gonorrhoeae      
 
  French (BELGIUM)  (From: Jean M. Prevost, MD, Biopathology)    
  Neisseria gonorrhoeae      
 
  French (CANADA)  (From: Canada Health Infoway Inc.)    
  Neisseria gonorrhoeae      
 
  Greek (GREECE)  (From: Efstratia Kontaxi, MD, MSc, and Evripidis Stefanidis, MD, with technical support from Panagiotis Kontaxis, Diploma of Electrical and Computer Engineering.)    
  Ναϊσσέρια της γονόρροιας      
 
  Italian (ITALY)  (From: Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche)    
  Neisseria gonorrhoeae      
 
  Russian (RUSSIAN FEDERATION)  (From: Yaroslavl State Medical Academy)    
  Neisseria gonorrhoeae      
 
  Spanish (SPAIN)  (From: the Clinical Laboratory Committee of SERVICIO EXTREMEÑO DE SALUD, with the support of BITAC MAP.)   SYNONYMS
  Neisseria gonorrhoeae     GC
 
  Turkish (TURKEY)  (From: LOINC Turkish Translation Group and the Turkish Ministry of Health)    
  Neisseria gonorrhoeae      

INTERNAL FIELDS
  Detail Page Created On: 6/20/2019 9:28:02 AM
  Display name: Neisseria gonorrhoeae
  Preferred Abbreviation: N gonorrhoea