LP14252-8     Toxoplasma gondii

DESCRIPTION
  Part: Toxoplasma gondii
  Description: Toxoplasma gondii is an intestinal coccidium that multiplies within cats as definitive hosts as well as within many other mammals and birds as intermediate hosts. T. gondii reproduces sexually only in cats. It infects the intestinal epithelium and produces oocysts which are shed in the feces. Humans acquire infections most often by consumption of undercooked meat containing tissue cysts or food contaminated by cat feces. Less than 0.1 percent of human cases are acquired congenitally. Toxoplasmosis is minor and self-limiting in immunocompetent individuals who may be asymptomatic or present with fever, lymphadenopathy, muscle aches and headache. Toxoplasma may manifest as encephalitis in immunosuppressed individuals including patients with acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) and may lead to coma or death. T. gondii often infects the brain and retina in congenitally infected children. Mild symptoms include slightly diminished vision while severely diseased children exhibit a pattern of retinochoroiditis, hydrocephalus, convulsions and intracerebral calcifications. Ocular disease may also occur. Toxoplasma is diagnosed through serology and upon histologic examination of tissues. Prevention includes thorough cooking of meat and proper management of cats. Sulfadiazine and pyrimethamine can be used to treat acute cases. [NCBI Books:NBK7627]
 
 

BASIC PART PROPERTIES
  Construct for LOINC short name: T gondii
  Type: COMPONENT
  Status: ACTIVE
  Created On: 5/4/2000

LANGUAGE VARIANTS
 
  Chinese (CHINA)  (From: Lin Zhang, A LOINC volunteer from China)   SYNONYMS
  刚地弓形虫     孢子虫纲;弓形体病;弓形虫病;龚地弓形体
 
  Dutch (NETHERLANDS)  (From: NVKC, Dutch Society for Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine, The Netherlands)    
  Toxoplasma gondii      
 
  Estonian (ESTONIA)  (From: Estonian E-Health Foundation)    
  Toxoplasma gondii      
 
  French (BELGIUM)  (From: Jean M. Prevost, MD, Biopathology)    
  Toxoplasma gondii      
 
  French (CANADA)  (From: Canada Health Infoway Inc.)    
  Toxoplasma gondii      
 
  Italian (ITALY)  (From: Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche)    
  Toxoplasma gondii      
 
  Russian (RUSSIAN FEDERATION)  (From: Yaroslavl State Medical Academy)    
  Toxoplasma gondii      
 
  Spanish (SPAIN)  (From: the Clinical Laboratory Committee of SERVICIO EXTREMEÑO DE SALUD, with the support of BITAC MAP.)   SYNONYMS
  Toxoplasma gondii     T gondii
 
  Turkish (TURKEY)  (From: LOINC Turkish Translation Group and the Turkish Ministry of Health)    
  Toxoplasma gondii      

INTERNAL FIELDS
  Detail Page Created On: 6/20/2019 9:27:58 AM
  Display name: Toxoplasma gondii
  Preferred Abbreviation: T gondii