LP14042-3     Treponema pallidum

DESCRIPTION
  Part: Treponema pallidum
  Description: Treponema pallidum is a spirochaete bacterium. Pathogenic treponemes are classified based upon their clinical manifestations in humans: venereal syphilis, yaws, endemic syphilis and pinta. Nonpathogenic treponemes are often part of the normal flora of the genital tract, oral cavity or intestinal tract. Treponemal infections exhibit diverse clinical manifestations which are characterized by distinct clinical stages. Multiplication of the bacterium at the entry point causes the primary stage. Dissemination of treponemes to other tissues produces the second stage. After a latency period (up to 20 to 30 years), the tertiary stage develops. T. palladum subsp pallidum (venereal syphilis) is the most destructive subspecies and produces lesions in many bodily tissues including the central nervous system. Congenital syphilis may result in birth defects or fetal death. Venereal syphilis is sexually acquired except for congenital syphilis, which is transmitted to the fetus during the later stages of pregnancy. The other treponemes are acquired by close nonvenereal contact. Control of both venereal and nonvenereal disease is based upon surveillance and antibiotic treatment of contacts. [NCBI Books:NBK7716]
 
 

BASIC PART PROPERTIES
  Construct for LOINC short name: T pallidum
  Type: COMPONENT
  Status: ACTIVE
  Created On: 5/4/2000

WEB CONTENT
  Copyright: Copyright © 2001-2009 American Association for Clinical Chemistry.
 
 

LANGUAGE VARIANTS
 
  Chinese (CHINA)  (From: Lin Zhang, A LOINC volunteer from China)   SYNONYMS
  梅毒螺旋体     梅毒;苍白螺旋体;苍白密螺旋体
 
  Dutch (NETHERLANDS)  (From: NVKC, Dutch Society for Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine, The Netherlands)    
  Treponema pallidum      
 
  Estonian (ESTONIA)  (From: Estonian E-Health Foundation)    
  Treponema pallidum      
 
  French (BELGIUM)  (From: Jean M. Prevost, MD, Biopathology)    
  Treponema pallidum      
 
  French (CANADA)  (From: Canada Health Infoway Inc.)    
  Treponema pallidum      
 
  Italian (ITALY)  (From: Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche)    
  Treponema pallidum      
 
  Russian (RUSSIAN FEDERATION)  (From: Yaroslavl State Medical Academy)    
  Treponema pallidum      
 
  Spanish (SPAIN)  (From: the Clinical Laboratory Committee of SERVICIO EXTREMEÑO DE SALUD, with the support of BITAC MAP.)   SYNONYMS
  Treponema pallidum     Sífilis. Lues
 
  Turkish (TURKEY)  (From: LOINC Turkish Translation Group and the Turkish Ministry of Health)    
  Treponema pallidum      

INTERNAL FIELDS
  Detail Page Created On: 6/20/2019 9:27:40 AM
  Display name: Treponema pallidum
  Preferred Abbreviation: T pallidum